FBIP: Stellenbosch University: Freshwater Prawns Survey

Occurrence
Последняя версия опубликовано South African National Biodiversity Institute сен 30, 2019 South African National Biodiversity Institute
Дата публикации:
30 сентября 2019 г.
Лицензия:
CC-BY 4.0

Скачайте последнюю версию данных этого ресурса в формате Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) или метаданных ресурса в форматах EML или RTF:

Данные в формате DwC-A Скачать 476 Записи в English (17 KB) - Частота обновления: unknown
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Описание

Distribution of fresh water prawns in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu Natal rivers.

Записи данных

Данные этого occurrence ресурса были опубликованы в виде Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), который является стандартным форматом для обмена данными о биоразнообразии в виде набора из одной или нескольких таблиц. Основная таблица данных содержит 476 записей.

Данный экземпляр IPT архивирует данные и таким образом служит хранилищем данных. Данные и метаданные ресурсов доступны для скачивания в разделе Загрузки. В таблице версий перечислены другие версии ресурса, которые были доступны публично, что позволяет отслеживать изменения, внесенные в ресурс с течением времени.

Версии

В таблице ниже указаны только опубликованные версии ресурса, которые доступны для свободного скачивания.

Как оформить ссылку

Исследователи должны дать ссылку на эту работу следующим образом:

Daniels P S R (2019): FBIP: Stellenbosch University: Freshwater Prawns Survey. v1.1. South African National Biodiversity Institute. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=freshwater_prawns_survey&v=1.1

Права

Исследователи должны соблюдать следующие права:

Публикующей организацией и владельцем прав на данную работу является South African National Biodiversity Institute. Эта работа находится под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0).

Регистрация в GBIF

Этот ресурс был зарегистрирован в GBIF, ему был присвоен следующий UUID: 8d543818-fd03-4f36-954b-e2874f4b5a0b.  South African National Biodiversity Institute отвечает за публикацию этого ресурса, и зарегистрирован в GBIF как издатель данных при оподдержке South African Biodiversity Information Facility.

Ключевые слова

Occurrence

Контакты

Prof Savel R Daniels
  • Metadata Provider
  • Originator
  • Point Of Contact
Professor of Zoology
Stellenbosch University
Natural Sciences, Botany and Zoology, P.O. Box X1,Matieland
7602 Stellenbosch
Western Cape
+27218083230

Географический охват

Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal

Ограничивающие координаты Юг Запад [-34,34, 18,008], Север Восток [-27,362, 32,535]

Таксономический охват

Freshwater prawns

Order Decapoda

Временной охват

Дата начала / Дата окончания 2016-01-01 / 2016-03-31

Методы сбора

Sample collection and field work: The current survey project is designed to run over a two year period (2015 -2016). Given the extensive geographic scope of the project and the large number of rivers to be sampled it can only be practically feasible to undertake the survey over a two year period. During the current year, 2015 the Eastern Cape province rivers will be sampled, these include the following, Diep, Gamtoos, Krom, Bushmans, Kowie, Kap, Great Fish, Keiskamma, Laing, Nahoon Dam, Great Fish and Kei. During the following year, 2016, KwaZulu-Natal rivers will be sampled, these include the following rivers, Mthatha, Mzimvula, Mtentu, Mtamvuna, Mzimkulu, Mkomazi, Mgeni, Mvoti,uThukela, Mfolozi, Nyalazi, Msunduzo, Mkuzi and Pongola. At each site we will sample three localities (upper, middle and lower reaches) taking a minimum of ten samples per sample locality (yielding an estimated total of 780 prawn specimens). Samples will be collected, using baited traps, hand nets or trawling - depending on the depth of the river. Traps baited with fish or dog food will be left on site for 24 hours. Upon collection of samples, GPS coordinates will be taken and the specimens will be photographed using a Nikon Digital Camera. Samples will be euthanized with clove oil, and preserved in absolute ethanol in honey jars. Samples will be identified using keys together with the help of Dr De Grave, a leadings specialist on freshwater prawns. Upon completion of the sample collection and the data analyses, specimens will be deposited in the South African Natural History Museum collection (Iziko) of Cape Town. It is important to note that I have already sampled all the major rivers in the Western Cape province together with my PhD student. This work forms a natural extension of our sampling effort and all the data will be used towards her PhD thesis. (It is very important to note that we are not planning to sample the remaining provinces at this point because there is a cap on the feasibility of a survey that will include all of the remaining provinces in the country).

Охват исследования Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal

Описание этапа методики:

  1. DNA extraction: DNA will be extracted using a Machery and Nagel kit following the extraction protocol of the manufacturer. DNA will be stored in a refrigerator prior to use. We will amplify three loci. These include the barcoding locus cytochrome oxidase one (COI) and two nuclear markers, histone three and 28S. Universal primer pairs will be obtained from the literature and are currently already being used by my PhD student Ms. Wood who works on prawns in the Western Cape. PCR's will be done in a thermocycler and the PCR products will be gel purified using a Bioflux gel purification kit. Samples will then be sent to the central analytical facility at Stellenbosch University for DNA sequencing. This aspect of the study will be done after each field trip and is estimated to take about six months. All of the sequences will be deposited in GenBank / BOLD. Molecular data analyses: Sequence data will be aligned in MUSCLE and the two protein coding markers (COI and histone 3) will be checked for stop codons. It should be noted that nuclear DNA markers in Arthropods are generally slow evolving so we will explore a number of variable marker options - however, these will in the end be restricted to two loci (as per our current budget).We will collapse all the COI data into networks for each of the species using TCS. An SAMOVA and AMOVA will be performed on the COI data. We are selecting this locus because it is the most rapidly evolving locus we will use. In addition we will also construct phylogenetic trees for the haplotypes for each respective species using Bayesian inference and Maximum Likelihood. This aspect of the study is estimated to take four months. Quantification of samples for in situ fisheries: The larger Macrobrachium species have real potential for small scale in situ fisheries and we will focus on these species to estimate their abundance. Total abundance and biomass of prawns will be calculated using the swept area method. The area sampled will be calculated by multiplying the effective width of the trawl by the towing distance. To standardize data, the number of individuals or the total wet weight of the individuals captured at a sampling station will be divided by the area sampled. A mean abundance and biomass of the sampled stations will then be calculated. Abundance results will be expressed as individuals per m square, and biomass in grams wet weight per m square. Wet weight will be measured using a Sauter AR100 microbalance. This activity will happen at every sample site where Macrobrachium is collected.

Дополнительные метаданные

Альтернативные идентификаторы http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=freshwater_prawns_survey