FBIP: The effect of land-use on the butterfly diversity of ecological refugia within an agricultural landscape

出現紀錄
最新版本 published by South African National Biodiversity Institute on 六月 30, 2020 South African National Biodiversity Institute
發布日期:
2020年6月30日
授權條款:
CC-BY 4.0

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說明

This study proposes to survey the butterfly diversity of the eastern Free State inselberg mountain refugia.

資料紀錄

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版本

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如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Buschke F (2020): FBIP: The effect of land-use on the butterfly diversity of ecological refugia within an agricultural landscape. v1.1. South African National Biodiversity Institute. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=effect&v=1.1

權利

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此資料的發布者及權利單位為 South African National Biodiversity Institute。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 9b39760c-6b42-468e-9059-9f1a5d65f490。  South African National Biodiversity Institute 發佈此資源,並經由South African Biodiversity Information Facility同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence; Observation

聯絡資訊

Falko Buschke
  • 元數據提供者
  • 出處
  • 連絡人
Lecturer
University of the Free State
Room 10.103, Agricultural Building, University of the Free State
9300 Bloemfontein
Free State
ZA
0584013958
Mahlatse Kgatla
  • 內容提供者
FBIP Data Specialist
SANBI
2 Cussonia Avenue
0184 Pretoria
Gauteng
ZA
0128435196

地理涵蓋範圍

Free State (Eastern Free State)

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-30.657, 24.39], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-26.726, 29.751]

分類群涵蓋範圍

Butterflies

Order Lepidoptera (Butterfly)

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 / 結束日期 2017-02-08 / 2018-03-01

計畫資料

This study proposes to survey the butterfly diversity of the eastern Free State inselberg mountain refugia.

計畫名稱 The effect of land-use on the butterfly diversity of ecological refugia within an agricultural landscape
辨識碼 FBIS160505164165
經費來源 Foundational Biodiversity Information Programme
研究區域描述 Free State (Eastern Free State)

參與計畫的人員:

Falko Buschke
  • 研究主持人

取樣方法

At each inselberg, butterflies were sampled at each transect using a modified 'Pollard Walk method' [1]. This entailed walking the transect between 10:00 and 15:00 and recording all the butterflies observed along the transect, as well as estimating the distance of the specimen from the observer. The species identity was recorded for each specimen as was the linear distance from the centre transect line to the nearest 50 cm to quantify species-specific detection curves used to calculate the butterfly abundance [2]. This was be repeated for each survey transect, to cover the north- and south facing slopes as well as matrix surrounding each inselberg. References 1 - Pollard & Yates (1993) Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. Chapman and Hall, London. 2 - Isaac et al. (2011) Distance sampling and the challenge of monitoring butterfly populations. Methods Ecol. Evol., 2, 285-594.

研究範圍 Free State (Eastern Free State)

方法步驟描述:

  1. This study requires five work-packages: 1. A GIS-based desktop study and survey design, 2. A field feasibility and pilot survey, 3. Aseasonal survey of the butterfly assemblage, 4. The management of data and estimation of population abundances and 5. The publication of field data. Work-package 1 is already in progress and will be completed before the FBIP grants are awarded. It is described here to provide context for the rest of the study. Similarly, Work-package 5 will only occur after the end of the FBIP grant-cycle because time-lines are variable during the scientific peer-review process. Nevertheless, the data from this study will be publicly accessible at the end of Work-package 4 by 15 December 2017. Below is an outline for each of the five work-packages. Work-package 1 - GIS desktop study and survey design Timeline: Currently ongoing - 03 October 2016 Purpose: To establish a scientifically-robust and representative survey design for inselbergs in the agricultural landscape of the eastern Free State. Activities: Characterising the inselbergs of the eastern Free State based on key biophysical characteristics (e.g. elevation, area, isolation, slope, habitat type) using a 30 m digital elevation model as well as national and provincial land-cover data. Selecting a representative subset of inselbergs from a 40,000 hectare portion to the south-west of Bethlehem. The aim is to establish 50 independent survey transects (300 - 700 m depending on habitat uniformity). Of these, 20 transects will be from 10 different inselbergs varying in their biophysical characteristics (2 transects per inselberg) and 20 transects will be in a 2km buffer around each inselberg (2 transects per inselberg). Ten random transects will be in the surrounding matrix. Where possible, the selection of transects will be done using randomised sampling tools in a GIS (e.g. Research Tools plugin for QGIS). Deliverables: A map with inselbergs, land-cover and geographic location of sampling transects. A report on the biophysical characteristics of each inselberg and the habitat characteristics of each transect Work-package 2 - Field feasibility and pilot survey Timeline: (3 weeks) 21 November - 09 December 2016 Purpose: Validate the accessibility of survey transects and compile a species reference data set. Activities: A field survey to ground-truth the selected sampling transects to confirm access to properties of local landowners and confirm physical accessibility to each transect. Each transect will be characterised in terms of length, habitat type and average vegetation height. During this visit, a photo database will be set up for as many butterflies species as possible to set up a reference dataset for subsequent surveys refine the sampling protocol. Deliverable: An updated map of survey transects that incorporates land-owner permission and accessibility. A photo database of butterfly species. Work-package 3 - Seasonal survey of the butterfly assemblage Timeline: (cumulative 8 weeks) 06 - 17 February 2017; 02 - 12 May 2017; 07 - 18 August 2017; 06 - 17 November 2017. Purpose: To gather a site-by-species matrix of butterflies observed in each transect. Activities: Sample butterflies at each transect using the standardised 'Pollard Walk method' [1]. This entails walking the transect between 10:00 and 15:00 and recording all the butterflies observed in a three-dimensional forward-facing 5m box. The species identity will be recorded for each specimen as will be the linear distance from the centre transect line to the nearest 10 cm to quantify species-specific detection curves used to calculate the butterfly abundance [2]. This will be repeated for each survey transect during four seasons: February, May, August and November. Accompanying the main observer is a second observer tasked with capturing any observed, but unidentified, specimens with a butterfly net to add to the photo-database. The second observer will not make observations themselves (to avoid observer bias), but will only support the main observer. Deliverables: Four site-by-species matrices that include records for each observed specimen. Work-package 4 - Management of data and estimation of population abundances Timeline: (3 weeks) 20 November - 08 December 2017 Purpose: To determine butterfly abundances and habitat affinities Activities: Calculating the abundances of butterflies in each transect after correcting for species-specific detectability [2]. Once these abundances are calculated, it is possible to determine habitat affinities for each species. Deliverables: A dataset with abundances and habitat affinities for each species. Also, a summary report on how the butterfly assemblage varies with inselberg characteristics and surrounding land-use.

額外的詮釋資料