BDATA

BIODIVERSITY DATA

Tracking data from a free-roaming female cheetah released into the Pilanesberg National Park, South Africa

Latest version published by Endangered Wildlife Trust on May 20, 2019 Endangered Wildlife Trust

In 2011, South Africa’s cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) metapopulation began with the capture of free-roaming cheetahs on ranchland to populate a network of fenced game reserves. This practice has become increasingly disparaged as the wild population faces population decline due to numerous anthropogenic threats. However, occasionally, there are extenuating circumstances where free-roaming animals are captured from this population to augment the managed metapopulation. One particular female cheetah that was captured on ranchland in the North West Province in April 2014, where she was perceived to be at risk from persecution, was released onto Pilanesberg National Park She was monitored via satellite telemetry for a period of 10 months, and interventions took place during this period to ensure her survival. Satellite location data of ~11 months, including four locations per day, is availed for users interested in movement, home-range and resource use data

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,190 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 1,190 records in English (26 KB) - Update frequency: not planned
Metadata as an EML file download in English (12 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (10 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Power J, Page-Nicholson S, van der Merwe V, Dell S, Roxburgh L (2019): Tracking data from a free-roaming female cheetah released into the Pilanesberg National Park, South Africa. v1.1. North West Parks Board and Endangered Wildlife Trust. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=pilanesbergcheetah&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Endangered Wildlife Trust. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d45cd682-b4a0-4118-bfc8-eea3fb752aff.  Endangered Wildlife Trust publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by South African Biodiversity Information Facility.

Keywords

Occurrence; cheetah; tracking; free-roaming

Contacts

Who created the resource:

John Power
Terrestrial Ecologist
Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development ZA
Samantha Page-Nicholson
Lion Database Coordinator
Endangered Wildlife Trust ZA
Vincent van der Merwe
Cheetah Metapopulation Coordinator
Endangered Wildlife Trust ZA
Stephen Dell
Field Ecologist
Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development ZA
Lizanne Roxburgh
Senior Scientist
Endangered Wildlife Trust ZA

Who can answer questions about the resource:

John Power
Terrestrial Ecologist
Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development ZA

Who filled in the metadata:

Lizanne Roxburgh
Senior Scientist
Endangered Wildlife Trust ZA
John Power
Terrestrial Ecologist
Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development ZA

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
John Power
Terrestrial Ecologist
Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development ZA

Geographic Coverage

Pilanesberg National Park, South Africa

Bounding Coordinates South West [-25.998, 26.191], North East [-24.467, 28.191]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Species  Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2014-04-12 / 2015-02-07

Project Data

In 2011, South Africa’s cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) metapopulation began with the capture of free-roaming cheetahs on ranchland to populate a network of fenced game reserves. This practice has become increasingly disparaged as the wild population faces population decline due to numerous anthropogenic threats. However, occasionally, there are extenuating circumstances where free-roaming animals are captured from this population to augment the managed metapopulation. One particular female cheetah that was captured on ranchland in the North West Province in April 2014, where she was perceived to be at risk from persecution, was released onto Pilanesberg National Park She was monitored via satellite telemetry for a period of 10 months, and interventions took place during this period to ensure her survival. This female bred successfully, and established a home-range of ~317 km² (100 % MCP), which was half that of the free-roaming cheetahs outside of Pilanesberg, and may be related to differences in anthropogenic disturbances. During the denning period she moved less, and covered only 2 % of her normal ranging area, while as expected she also travelled less during the night time. Satellite location data of ~11 months, including four locations per day, is availed for users interested in movement, home-range and resource use data.

Title Monitoring cheetah on North West Parks Reserves
Funding Aside from nominal funding (i.e. salaries, subsistence and travel) for one government organisation, North West Provincial Government, one parastatal conservation agency, North West Parks Board, and one NGO, the Endangered Wildlife Trust (EWT), the satellite collar was funded by C4 Images and Safaris – a specialist wildlife photographic safari company.

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
John Power

Sampling Methods

A female cheetah was immobilised using standard procedures. She was fitted with a satellite collar (Iridium GPS unit, 1 D cell AWT transmitter, 1 C cell, African Wildlife Tracking cc, 106 Nuffield Street, Rietondale, Pretoria, South Africa), that would obtain 4 location fixes per day. The download times were at the following evenly spaced times throughout the diel cycle: 00:00, 06:00, 12:00 and 18:00. The recorded data was the geographic coordinates, altitude and temperature. The collar stopped at the end of the period, while the telemetry component lasted till the end of the year in 2015, and this animal is still alive, but we have not removed her collar as yet.

Study Extent Restricted to Pilanesberg National Park, South Africa

Method step description:

  1. It is possible that the first day’s locations upon release would be at different times to that specified, which is the case when a specific schedule is selected, so such can be excluded. The fixes obtained are mostly within a 10 m accuracy.

Additional Metadata

Note that while the Endangered Wildlife Trust published this dataset to GBIF, we have done so in collaboration with North West Parks Board, who are the rights holders to the data, as indicated in the Institution code in the dataset itself.

Alternative Identifiers d45cd682-b4a0-4118-bfc8-eea3fb752aff
http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=pilanesbergcheetah