BDATA

BIODIVERSITY DATA

e-Flora of South Africa

Latest version published by South African National Biodiversity Institute on Jun 17, 2018 South African National Biodiversity Institute

The e-Flora of South Africa project was initiated in 2013 by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) in support of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC, 2011-2020), Target 1 (to create a global Flora, consisting of ca. 350 000 species). South Africa's flora consists of ca. 21 000 species of which more than half are endemic. South Africa will contribute a national Flora towards Target 1 of the GSPC. South Africa's contribution is ca. 6% of the World Flora of which ca. 3% are endemics and therefore unique. South Africa’s electronic Flora is comprised of previously published descriptions. Permission to re-use extracts from published literature was obtained from the relevant copyright holders.

Data Records

The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 35,062 records. 2 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.

  • Taxon (core)
    35062
  • Description 
    83903
  • Reference 
    17952

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 35,062 records in English (6 MB) - Update frequency: irregular
Metadata as an EML file download in English (11 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (8 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is South African National Biodiversity Institute. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF

Keywords

aggregator portal; big data; BODATSA; BRAHMS; data mining; e-Flora of South Africa; World Flora Online; Aggregator portal; big data; BODATSA; BRAHMS; data mining; e-Flora of South Africa; inventory regional; World Flora Online

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Marianne Le Roux
e-Flora Coordinator
South African National Biodiversity Institute P/Bag x 101 0184 Silverton Gauteng ZA 0027128435124

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Marianne Le Roux
e-Flora Coordinator
South African National Biodiversity Institute P/Bag x 101 0184 Silverton Gauteng ZA 0027128435124

Who filled in the metadata:

Marianne Le Roux
e-Flora Coordinator
South African National Biodiversity Institute P/Bag x 101 0184 Silverton Gauteng ZA 0027128435124
Fhatani Ranwashe
Data Information Specialist
South African National Biodiversity Institute

Who else was associated with the resource:

Point Of Contact
Marianne le Roux
e-Flora Coordinator
South African National Biodiversity Institute 2 Cussonia Avenue 0184 Pretoria Gauteng ZA 0128435124
http://www.sanbi.org.za

Geographic Coverage

Data is provided for South Africa.

Bounding Coordinates South West [-35.042, 16.289], North East [-22.011, 33.369]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Project Data

Floristic accounts are useful products that provide taxonomic information for all plant species within a defined geographic region. Traditionally, these accounts were compiled by one to several contributors and published in hard copy volumes. These projects often took a long time to complete and soon became outdated with difficulty of publishing updated versions. However, with the availability of electronic tools and a developing digital environment, Flora compilation has embraced new and innovative ways to overcome some of these challenges. In South Africa, the first Floristic account was compiled by Thunberg in Flora Capensis in 1823. This was followed by Harvey and Sonder’s Flora Capensis between 1859 and 1933, which was completed through contributions from multiple authors. In 1955 the Flora of southern Africa (FSA) project commenced with the aim of replacing the outdated Flora Capensis. This project was never completed and as an alternative, a regional/provincial conspectus programme was initiated. To date, four volumes have been published (Flora of the northern provinces, 1996; the Greater Cape Floristic Region: core Cape Flora, 2012, the extra Cape Flora, 2013; and Plants of the Free State, 2017), with the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and the Nama Karoo to follow. In response to the updated Strategy for Plant Conservation (2011–2020), South Africa committed to contribute a country-level Flora towards the World Flora Online (WFO) initiative (Target 1). After considering the remaining time in which to make such a contribution and the availability of published information (FSA volumes, published regional/provincial conspectuses and published taxonomic revisions), it was decided that an electronic Flora should be developed using existing information and following an aggregator portal approach. This approach involves the use of published information by acquiring permission from the copyright holders, digitising the material if it does not exist in electronic format, mining the required data from the publication, aggregating it into a database and publishing the data online in open access. Through this method, floristic information for all South African species will be made available in a single place by 2020.

Title e-Flora of South Africa
Funding The project is funded through the South African National Biodiversity Institute. Additional funding to host an e-Flora workshop in collaboration with the Royal Botanical Garden, Kew was obtained through the National Research Foundation (grant reference number: UID92629) and the Royal Society (grant reference number: SA140038).
Study Area Description The e-Flora of South Africa contains information for all South African vascular plants.

The personnel involved in the project:

Point Of Contact
Marianne Le Roux

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions