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BIODIVERSITY DATA

FBIP: Arachnid biodiversity of the Tshivhase and Makumbani Tea Plantations, Limpopo Province

Latest version published by South African National Biodiversity Institute on Jun 28, 2019 South African National Biodiversity Institute

According to the records of the NCA, mites and spiders on tea plantations in South Africa have not yet been studied. The broader purpose of the proposed research is to use both morphology and molecular genetics to evaluate the diversity, taxonomy, biology and ecology, symptoms and impacts of this economically important group of arthropods.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 151 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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Data as a DwC-A file download 151 records in English (11 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
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Metadata as an RTF file download in English (11 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Maake P (2019): FBIP: Arachnid biodiversity of the Tshivhase and Makumbani Tea Plantations, Limpopo Province. v1.0. South African National Biodiversity Institute. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=arachnid_biodiversity&v=1.0

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is South African National Biodiversity Institute. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 73db9279-966f-4029-9cdb-0c491e7da518.  South African National Biodiversity Institute publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by South African Biodiversity Information Facility.

Keywords

Predatory; Biocontrol; Mites; Spiders; agriculture; Specimen

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Pholoshi Maake
Juniour Researcher
Agricultural Research Council Private Bag X134 121 Pretoria Gauteng ZA 0128435000

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Pholoshi Maake
Senior Scientist: Animal Species Information
South African National Biodiversity Institute 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria 0184 Pretoria Gauteng ZA 0128435000

Who filled in the metadata:

Pholoshi Maake
Juniour Researcher
South African National Biodiversity Institute 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria 0184 Pretoria Gauteng ZA 0128435000

Who else was associated with the resource:

Content Provider
Mahlatse Kgatla
FBIP Data Specialist
SANBI 2 Cussonia Avenue, Brummeria 0184 Pretoria Gauteng ZA 0128435196
http://fbip.co.za/contact/

Geographic Coverage

Limpopo Thohoyandou, Kwa-Zulu Natal Nkandla

Bounding Coordinates South West [-28.69, 30.341], North East [-22.954, 30.984]

Taxonomic Coverage

Most specimen identified to Family level and others to Genus and Species level

Class  Arachnida

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 2016-02-01 / 2016-11-08

Project Data

According to the records of the NCA, mites and spiders on tea plantations in South Africa have not yet been studied. The broader purpose of the proposed research is to use both morphology and molecular genetics to evaluate the diversity, taxonomy, biology and ecology, symptoms and impacts of this economically important group of arthropods.

Title Arachnid biodiversity of the Tshivhase and Makumbani Tea Plantations, Limpopo Province
Identifier FBIS150515118054
Funding Foundational Biodiversity Information Programme
Study Area Description Limpopo Thohoyandou, Kwa-Zulu Natal Nkandla

The personnel involved in the project:

Principal Investigator
Pholoshi Maake

Sampling Methods

Tshivhase and Mukumbani tea plantations are the only ones the Vhembe region of the Limpopo Province that are in production. They are known for their geographic isolation in a humid Vhembe district, and their minimal use of pesticides, which provide an ideal condition for mites and spiders. The main activities include the cultivation and production of green and rooibos tea. Maake and Craemer: For sampling of non-Eriophyoid mites, three methods will be used; 1) beating of foliage and other plant parts causing the mites to fall into the plate. The mites are collected from the plate with a fine paintbrush and hand lens, and are transferred into small vials with 75-80% ethanol; 2) Plant material will be cut into small pieces into a bottle with ethanol. Contents are shaken thoroughly, removed and the mites will be collected from the ethanol using a stereo-microscope; 3) Tree trunk scrapings collected into a bucket containing ethanol.

Study Extent Limpopo Thohoyandou, Kwa-Zulu Natal Nkandla

Method step description:

  1. Tshivhase and Mukumbani tea plantations are the only ones the Vhembe region of the Limpopo Province that are in production. They are known for their geographic isolation in a humid Vhembe district, and their minimal use of pesticides, which provide an ideal condition for mites and spiders. The main activities include the cultivation and production of green and rooibos tea. Maake and Craemer: For sampling of non-Eriophyoid mites, three methods will be used; 1) beating of foliage and other plant parts causing the mites to fall into the plate. The mites are collected from the plate with a fine paintbrush and hand lens, and are transferred into small vials with 75-80% ethanol; 2) Plant material will be cut into small pieces into a bottle with ethanol. Contents are shaken thoroughly, removed and the mites will be collected from the ethanol using a stereo-microscope; 3) Tree trunk scrapings collected into a bucket containing ethanol. A stiff brush is used to make strokes on the surface of the trunks and scaffold limbs of each tree sampled. Loose bark or debris and lichens will also be collected from the tree trunks. Eriophyoid mites will be collected directly from plant material with a stereomicroscope. A relatively small part of the plant with symptoms caused by mites will be cut from the plant targeted for collection. Twigs with leaves, buds, flower buds, flowers and a growth point, will be collected. The collected plant parts are packed in damp paper towel within plastic bags, and are kept cool in a cool box. Care is always taken not to be destructive during collecting, and certainly not to hinder the growth of sampled plants. The material will be transported to a laboratory and reach it as fresh as possible. All mites will be permanently mounted for identification under the 100X oil-immersion objective of a research microscope. Specimens will be illustrated and photographed using a drawing tube on a Zeiss Axioskop™ compound microscope and Zeiss Axio Imager Compound Microscope. Behaviour and natural colour patterns will be observed using Zeiss Axio Zoom Microscope. Time frame for the collection of mites is planned for November-December and March (after rains and following growth period). Slide mounting and identification are delicate processes and will take longer.

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=arachnid_biodiversity